A Study on Students' Problems in ESL Writing Classes in the Arts College/ Kuwait University
Copyright (c) 2018 IOR Press
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This paper discusses the influence of the first language (Arabic) on the second language (English) in the writing pieces of ESL students in Arts College/ Kuwait University. Going over some writing papers taken from the students' work in class, the reader would notice a 'different English'. The overall layout of the paper, the ideas presentation, the personal expression, the syntax and word choice, the punctuation and other elements make this new language on students' papers. From papers written in class and at home, I conducted an analysis to see the difference between the two languages techniques, and to find solutions for that. I also interviewed students and they assured that Arabic has a massive influence on them. They disclosed that they read the topic in English, and think/analyze in Arabic. Some participants mentioned that their limited competence of vocabulary in English hindered them from expressing well on paper. Another group mentioned that the idea of 'being explanatory' prevailed their thinking while writing. They said that they wanted to explain their ideas well and repeatedly so that the reader/teacher would understand their points. They also had troubles in organizing the sentences according to the English paragraph style.
- Kern R. Literacy and language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2000.
- Jaouen P. To what extent does Arabic verb morphology influence a native Arabic speaker's ability to use English verbs correctly? - Quora [Internet]. Quora.com. 2015. Website: https://www.quora.com/To-what-extent-does-Arabic-verb-morphology-influence-a-native-Arabic-speakers-ability-to-use-English-verbs-correctly
- Close R. English as a foreign language. London: Allen and Unwin; 1987.
- Hinkel E, Fotos S. New perspectives on grammar teaching in second language classrooms. New York: Routledge; 2001.
- Bitchener J, Young S, Cameron D. The effect of different types of corrective feedback on ESL student writing. Journal of Second Language Writing [Internet]. 2005;14(3):191-205. Science Direct https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1060374305000366
- Valdes J. Culture Bound - Bridging the cultural gap in language teaching. Cambridge: CUP; 1986.
- Koch B. Presentation As Proof: The Language of Arabic Rhetoric. Anthropological Linguistic [Internet]. 1983;25(1). Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30027656?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
- Coulmas F. The Blackwell encyclopedia of writing systems. Oxford: Blackwell; 1996.
- A. Touir A, Mathkour H, Al-Sanea W. Semantic-Based Segmentation of Arabic Texts. Information Technology Journal. 2008;7(7):1009-1015.
- Awad A. The Most Common Punctuation Errors Made by the English and the TEFL Majors at An-Najah National University. An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities) [Internet]. 2012;26(1). Available from: https://journals.najah.edu/article/97/
- Ellis, R. (1985). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p.53.
- Hayland, K. (2003). How to teach English. Ernst Klett Sparchen.
- Jacobs, H. (1981). Testing ESL composition. Rowley, MA.: Newbury House.
- Hall, D. (1988). Writing Well. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.