Vol 3 No 4 (2020): Volume 3 Issue 4 Year 2020

What is ‘high-functioning’ in high-functioning autism?

Guo-Hui Xie
Visiting Professor, Universidade de Sao Jose, Macau, PRC
Published October 7, 2020
  • Asperger Syndrome,
  • High-Functioning Autism
How to Cite
Xie, G.-H. (2020). What is ‘high-functioning’ in high-functioning autism?. Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 3(4), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.34256/ajir2042

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In several diagnostic manuals of disabilities and disorders, High-Functioning Autism (HFA) is omitted and/or remains an unofficial diagnostic term. However, in 2007, the American Academy of Special Education Professionals has given it an official diagnostic code AU-4.00 in its Educator’s Diagnostic Manual of Disabilities and Disorders (EDM). This has rekindled research to re-look at HFA if it deserves to be given its own diagnostic code. Today, HFA refers to autistics who possess average/above-average intelligence and function in typical settings. This paper explores what ‘high-functioning’ is in the enigmatic condition of HFA.


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